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雅思大作文真題:政府應該讓人們負責保護環境嗎?
2019-10-12 16:50   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

  雅思大作文題目

  Governments should make people responsible for looking after their own local environment.  To what extent do you agree or disagree?


fabian-irsara-67l-QujB14w-unsplash.jpg


  解析&審題

  本周考題是政府類和環境類話題的一個綜合,也是近幾年比較新的題目。

  盡管如此,唐老師認為,這個題目還是相當容易寫的,因為這個話題本身對我們來說是相當熟悉的。我們可以首先討論人們負責保護本地環境的重要性,同時指出,如果沒有政府出面制訂環境保護政策,人們對本地環境的保護也許就沒有那么得力(比如為了地方利益或者缺乏環保意識),因此,政府在保護地方環境方面也是很重要的。

  這樣,本題的關鍵其實就是在于認識到,雖然人們應該對本地的環境負責,但政府也需要擔負相應的責任。各位烤鴨,你是怎么審題的呢?

  老師筆記

  01

  Protecting the environment is everyone’s responsibility, and this starts with the government making people understand the importance of the environment. To a large degree, such responsibility should be shared by both the government and the local people.

  保護環境是每個人的責任,首先是政府要讓人們認識到環境的重要性。在很大程度上,這種責任應由政府和當地人民共同分擔。


  解析

  (1)本段提出話題,并給出自己的觀點。

  (2)start with... 從......開始

  (3)to a large degree 在很大程度上


  02

  It is quite obvious that all people should do their part in taking care of the local environment, but there are always some people more committed to their environmental obligations than others. One important reason is that those who do less harbor a misconception that individuals can do little or nothing to make a noticeable difference. In fact, all individuals have created the environmental problems by neglecting the environment, and that must mean that together they can fix most problems, whether they are making large or small contributions. Another reason is that, in the name of economic development, people pollute the local rivers and lakes by putting into them dirty water or industrial wastes.

  很明顯,所有的人都應盡自己的責任照顧當地的環境,但總有一些人比其他人更誠心來履行其環境義務。一個重要的原因是,那些做得較少的人有一種誤解,認為個人做不了什么,改變不了什么。事實上,所有的個體都通過忽略環境而制造了環境問題,這就意味著如果一起努力,他們能夠解決大多數問題,無論是做大還是小貢獻。另一個原因是,以經濟發展的名義,人們將臟水或工業廢物放進當地河流和湖泊,從而污染它們。


  解析

  (1)本段提出人們有責任保護地方環境,但同時論證這個過程中的問題:一是有些人關于環境保護的觀點不正確,二是有些人為了地方經濟利益而不顧當地環境。論證這兩個問題是為了引出第三段中關于政府的責任。

  (2)do their part 完成他們的職責

  (3)be committed to... 投入做......,專心做......

  (4)obligation 義務

  (5)harbor a misconception that... 心懷一種錯誤的觀點,即......

  (6)fix problems 解決問題

  (7)in the name of... 以......的名義


  03

  Then, apart from enforcing regulations and using penalties or fines as a means to hold individuals accountable for their damage to the environment, the government should do more to alert people to the way the environment is going, then people would be more likely to do their bit. If people are not reminded of the risks that affect their own local environment, they will often forget. Unless there is a particular crisis going on, it is always the case that the public will become immune to shocking statistics or terrible photos, for they have seen too many of them and tend to neglect them. It is, therefore, the job of the government to keep informing the public (through television or other media) of the current environmental issues.

  因此,除了執行法規,并以處罰或罰款作為手段來追究個人對環境造成的損害,政府還應采取更多措施,提醒人們注意環境的現狀,這樣,人們將更有可能盡好他們自己的職責。如果不提醒人們注意影響當地環境的風險,他們往往會忘記。除非有某個危機發生,公眾往往對那些令人震驚的統計數據或可怕的照片無動于衷,因為他們已經看過太多這樣的東西,往往會忽視它們。所以,政府的工作就是不斷(通過電視或其他媒體)向公眾宣傳當前的環境問題。


  解析

  (1)本段論述政府在地方環保中的責任,包括制定和執行法規,更重要的是政府需要不斷提醒人們注意環境問題。

  (2)apart from... 除了......

  (3)hold somebody accountable for... 讓某人為......承擔責任

  (4)alert somebody to... 提醒某人......

  (5)do their bit 盡自己的責任

  (6)be immune to... 對......免疫;不受......影響

  (7)inform somebody of... 告知某人......


  04

  To a great extent, the responsibility for looking after the local environment must be shared by the government and individuals. The government should let the public know that environmental protection is everybody’s business. Otherwise, what seems to be everybody’s business would become nobody’s business.

  在很大程度上,保護當地環境的責任必須由政府和個人共同承擔。政府應該讓公眾知道環境保護是每個人的事。否則,似乎是每個人都該管的事就會變成人人都不管的事。


  解析

  (1)本段為結論,重申地方環保是個人和政府的雙重責任。

  (2)to a great extent 在很大程度上

  (3)everybody’s business is nobody’s business. 大家的事情就是沒人負責的事情。


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